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ERIC Number: ED406089
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Rural Special Education in "The Nine Nations of North America": A Policy Proposal for the American Council on Rural Special Education.
Fishbaugh, Mary Susan E.; And Others
The traditional conception of rural as homogeneously agricultural has become archaic. This paper reviews definitions of rural diversity related to rural special education and proposes a broad definition based upon culture of community and region. In the late 1970s, the National Rural Project identified "problems" in rural special education delivery--rural idiosyncrasies later described as "attributes" to be considered in developing strategies for service delivery. Rural communities were viewed as differing in terms of cultural, geographic, and socioeconomic factors. An offshoot of the project, the American Council on Rural Special Education (ACRES) publishes the Rural Special Education Quarterly (RSEQ) and holds a national conference annually. A perusal of RSEQ issues and ACRES conference presentations suggests that ACRES has lost sight of its early inclusive understanding of diversity based on rural community culture. Given the original ACRES perspective on rural diversity, continuing emphasis on the individuality of rural communities, and the impact of rural community culture on education, it is proposed that ACRES develop a policy statement on rural diversity based in regional diversity. Regional rural differences consider ethnic diversity but include economic, political, and community cultural diversity as well. In "The Nine Nations of North America," Joel Garreau describes a North America composed of culturally distinct "nations" such as Dixie and MexAmerica. The proposed ACRES policy on rural diversity could draw on this work. Contains 23 references. (SV)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A