ERIC Number: ED406078
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Calumet Region Schools. Heartland Center Reports.
This report compares various factors associated with educational reform to student outcomes in Calumet Region (Lake and Porter Counties) in northwest Indiana. Specifically, this study examines the influence of these factors on students' educational success as measured by an index of excellence: a composite measure that includes attendance rates; graduation rates; and average student scores from Indiana Statewide Testing for Educational Progress, the Cognitive Schools Index, and the Scholastic Aptitude Test. Scores were computed for 23 school corporations and over 200 elementary, middle, and high schools in the Calumet Region. Findings included the following: (1) higher total expenditures per pupil or higher teacher salaries did not affect student outcomes; (2) surprisingly, higher index scores were associated with higher pupil-teacher ratios in elementary, junior high, and middle schools, but this trend did not hold true in high schools; (3) there was a weak tendency for student outcomes to worsen as school size increased; (4) teacher-administrator ratios were negatively related to index scores; (5) higher index scores were associated with younger, less experienced teachers; (6) higher index scores were found in schools that offered either a modest curriculum or an expanded curriculum; and (7) lower index scores were associated with higher percentages of students receiving free or reduced-cost lunches. Overall, there was little evidence that any factor had a significant impact on student outcomes, and therefore, the reforms related to these factors are misdirected. Appendix includes a list of variables used in the report, information about the index of excellence, a list of school corporations and schools and their index scores, and an explanation of the statistics used. (LP)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Rating, Curriculum, Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Expenditure per Student, Outcomes of Education, School Districts, School Effectiveness, School Size, Socioeconomic Status, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Salaries, Teacher Student Ratio
Heartland Center, 7128 Arizona Ave., Hammond, IN 46323-2223.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Heartland Center, Hammond, IN.
Identifiers - Location: Indiana