ERIC Number: ED406071
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Gender and Schooling in Appalachia: Historical Lessons for an Era of Economic Restructuring. Research Paper 9411.
Maggard, Sally Ward
This paper addresses issues involving the designing of new job training and education programs in central Appalachia in response to national policies for economic improvement. In March 1994, the Reemployment Act of 1994 was announced as the Clinton administration's response to problems caused by radical and worldwide economic restructuring. The goal is to focus on labor force preparedness through training highly skilled workers, in hopes of attracting capital investment. Data from West Virginia, the only state entirely within the central Appalachia region, indicate that high-paying jobs in coal mining, manufacturing, and other areas have declined by 22.5 percent, while lower-paying jobs have increased by 24.4 percent. Because of economic factors and changes in the labor market, women in this region are moving into a growing contingent labor force that offers little job security. Barriers to a highly skilled workforce in central Appalachia include low educational attainment and difficulties that preclude women from pursuing educational goals and job training opportunities. Interviews conducted with 44 eastern Kentucky women reveal that gendered statuses in families, poverty, the lack of support services for economically distressed families, sexism, classism, and domestic abuse have acted as barriers to educational attainment for these women. Suggestions include linking education and job training programs to changes in labor markets, providing job training programs aimed at meeting the needs of participants, increasing availability of support services, and strengthening desirable "informal" economic activities. (LP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: West Virginia Univ., Morgantown. Regional Research Inst.
Identifiers - Location: Kentucky; West Virginia