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ERIC Number: ED406067
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Children's Explanations of Family Resemblances.
Horobin, Karen D.
Four studies investigated children's explanations for family resemblance and species-typical characteristics, under different conditions of biological parentage and rearing environment. Participating were 226 children between 3 and 11 years. Children Children were presented with a number of different tasks, some involving people and some domestic animals. Each task involved interviews in which children predicted what kinds of physical and behavioral characteristics offspring would be most likely to demonstrate under normal biological parentage and rearing, adoptive rearing, inter-uterine transplant parentage and rearing with own species, or inter-uterine transplant parentage and rearing with transplant species. In all studies, particularly those involving non-human animals, there was a strong tendency for children of all ages to draw on essentialist explanations for their predictions. Among the youngest children (3-4 year olds), psychological intentional explanations were common. It was not until 6 to 7 years that explanations clearly began to refer to physical processes and putative biological mechanisms. The period between 4 and 6 years appeared to be a transitional phase where performance and explanations were more variable and seemed to be highly task-dependent. Biological-based, although often inaccurate, explanations for inheritance increased dramatically around 10 to 11 years. (Contains 11 references.) (KDFB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A