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ERIC Number: ED406031
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Longitudinal Studies--Are They Worth It?
Cowley, Judith
A longitudinal study of otitis media in young children, begun in 1981, aimed to provide information on the incidence and prevalence of otitis media in young children in the Newcastle (England) region and to follow their academic progress. Subjects selected for the study were kindergartners in five schools and represented an ethnically homogeneous sample from a range of socioeconomic populations. Repeated assessments were made for hearing acuity, middle ear status, language development, and auditory and cognitive processing skills, and a language sample was taken. The results of the original research established that, for the 210 children in the study, otitis media was not an atypical condition, as only 37 percent had shown no evidence of the condition by the end of the first year. In addition, pre-academic and academic testing supported the view that children with a chronic middle ear condition experienced more difficulties in language-related academic tasks than did their peers. The follow-up results on data gathered in 1991 indicated that these students were significantly less likely to have a positive self-perception than their peers and were more likely than their peers to have had extended school absences and to have been referred for special education assistance. When viewed over time, the results supported the value of longitudinal studies. (Contains 16 references.) (KDFB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Newcastle upon Tyne)