ERIC Number: ED406017
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Parental Report, Home Observations, and Laboratory Assessment as Windows into Infant Temperament.
Tjebkes, Terri L.; Coy, Katherine C.
The purpose of this study was to examine the convergence among observational data on children's temperament. Data were gathered through: (1) standard procedures designed to elicit discrete emotions; (2) parental reports; and (3) children's emotional tone observed during naturalistic mother-child contexts. A total of 112 normally developing 8- to 10-month-olds were observed during standard laboratory episodes (the Laboratory Temperament Assessment Battery) designed to elicit joy, fear, anger, and discomfort. Mothers' and fathers' reports regarding different aspects of infants' temperament, and observations of the infants during naturalistic interactions with their mothers, were also collected. The families were predominantly white and varied in socioeconomic status. Findings suggested that infants' reactions cohered highly within each standard episode, as well as across all episodes targeting the same emotion. Emotionality expressed in these standardized procedures corresponded meaningfully and significantly with the infants' emotional tone in the mother-child contexts observed at home. Parental reports converged moderately with the home observations, but only for fathers. The parental reports and the infants' emotions in standard procedures were unrelated. (KDFB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A