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ERIC Number: ED406011
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Maternal Employment in Relation to Family Resources, Family Routines, and Parenting in Low-Income Families.
Taylor, Karen B.; And Others
This study examined differences in family functioning and resources, parenting style, and child outcomes in low-income families in which mothers were and were not employed. The participants were 194 low-income families whose children began kindergarten between 1992 and 1994. Child outcome measures included the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT), two subscales of the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement (WJTA), and the Social Skills Rating System, completed early in kindergarten. Family characteristics were identified with the Family Resource Scale, Family Routines Questionnaire, the Parenting Dimensions Inventory, and an interview completed at kindergarten entry. Findings indicated that maternal age and depression were not related to employment. Maternal education and number of parents in the home were positively related to maternal employment. Employed mothers supplied their families with higher incomes and better access to community resources than unemployed mothers. Families with working mothers had more established routines than families with unemployed mothers. Employed mothers did not rate themselves any differently from unemployed mothers on parental nurturance, restrictiveness, consistency, or responsiveness. Controlling for maternal education and family type, the study found that employed mothers described their children as more assertive and responsible than did unemployed mothers. Children of employed mothers scored higher on the Applied Problems subscale of the WJTA but not on the Letter-Word Identification test nor on the PPVT, even when controlling for other family factors as covariates with maternal employment. (Contains 28 references.) (KDFB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A