ERIC Number: ED406010
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Individual Differences in Parent-Child Play Styles: Their Nature and Possible Consequences.
Russell, Alan; Saebel, Judith
This study examined individual differences in parent-child play styles and their links with children's play behavior with peers. Mothers and fathers were videotaped playing with their toddler in toy play and physical play, and completed a project-designed questionnaire on their beliefs about child development. Children were observed separately in a free-play session with peers. Parental play behavior was classified using three general codes of Director (controlling and directing), Facilitator (child-centered and facilitative), and Co-player (joint or co-constructed play). The child's enjoyment of the parent-child play was also coded. During the free-play session, ratings were made of social and play behaviors such as sociability, cheerfulness, negativity to peers, pretend play, and turn taking. Findings indicated that the facilitator style was used most often in toy play and the director style was used most often in physical play. A profile of the specific behaviors associated with the director and the facilitator style was identified. Links were noted between parental play styles and children's play behaviors with parents and with peers. The facilitator style was associated with children displaying more "fun" in play with peers. (Contains 21 references.) (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Australian Research Council.
Authoring Institution: N/A