ERIC Number: ED406006
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
The Effects of Early Otitis Media with Effusion on Child Cognitive and Language Development at Ages Three and Five.
Johnson, Dale L.; And Others
This study examined the hypothesis that children with persistent otitis media with effusion (OME) during the first 3 years of life are at risk for cognitive and language delays. The prospective study enrolled 698 children and controlled for 8 demographic and environmental factors. Subjects were recruited at birth, and frequently monitored at home for ear status; 379 children were assessed at age 3, and 294 at age 5. Findings revealed a significant direct relation between duration of bilateral OME and scores on the Stanford-Binet Fourth Edition (SBIV) Composite and Nonverbal/Reasoning Visualization factor at age 3, but not at age 5, and scores on the Carrow Elicited Language Inventory and Goldman-Fristoe Articulation at age 5. There were several moderated effects for the SBIV, the Carrow Auditory Visual Test and Test of Auditory Comprehension of Language--Revised also at age 5. No significant relations were obtained at age 3 for the Sequenced Inventory of Communication Development. Results suggest that prolonged OME, especially between 6 and 12 months, may put children at risk for language delays at age 5. Persistent OME also places children at risk for cognitive delays at age 3 but delays were not apparent at age 5. (Contains 29 references.) (Author/KDFB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (62nd, Washington, DC, April 3-6, 1997).