ERIC Number: ED405781
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-May
Reference Count: N/A
Work-Study Program Influences on College Students' Cognitive Development.
Terenzini, Patrick T.; And Others
This study, using data from the National Study of Student Learning, examined whether participation in a collegiate work-study program was related to cognitive educational benefits. Data were collected from 2,485 entering students at 23 institutions nationwide in the fall of 1992 with follow-up in the spring of 1993, of whom 494 (19.9 percent) reported receiving work-study assistance. Two questions were tested: one concerned differences in college experiences of work-study and nonwork-study students; the other with the effects of any differences on students' cognitive development. The study found that participation in a work-study program appeared to have a negative influence on first-year gains in reading comprehension, but a positive influence on critical thinking skills; no effects on math abilities were identified. These effects were apparent even after taking into account selected precollege characteristics, including initial cognitive abilities. Three tables present detailed data on: (1) students' cognitive ability, (2) college experiences, and (3) interaction effects. (Contains 50 references.) (CH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Measurement, College Freshmen, Federal Aid, Higher Education, Institutional Research, Mathematics Skills, Reading Improvement, Reading Skills, Statistical Analysis, Student Development, Student Evaluation, Student Experience, Student Financial Aid, Thinking Skills, Work Study Programs
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on Postsecondary Teaching, Learning, and Assessment, University Park, PA.