ERIC Number: ED405642
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Education Reform and Students at Risk. ERIC Digest, Number 112.
In 1991, the U.S. Congress commissioned the Department of Education's Office of Educational Research and Improvement to investigate the various aspects of education reform. This digest summarizes the findings of a resulting study that focused on the effects of school reform on students at risk. The digest identifies the components of effective programs, the elements of a caring community, the characteristics of high-reliability schools, the resources necessary for implementing and maintaining effective reforms, and the implications for policy practice. Two broad conditions are typically present in schools that successfully serve at-risk students. First, the schools function as caring, cohesive communities. Second, they operate under standards similar to high-reliability organizations (HROs). HROs usually have three features: clear and widely shared goals, similarities between management structure and resource management, and professionalism. Local, within-system financial support; involved principals; material resources, and political resources are necessary for effective reform. A conclusion is that schools acting in isolation cannot ensure that at-risk students will receive a quality education. (LMI)
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, Educational Research, Educational Resources, Elementary Secondary Education, High Risk Students, Organizational Climate, Organizational Effectiveness, Program Effectiveness, Program Implementation, School Restructuring
ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, 5207, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403-5207 (free; $2.50 postage and handling).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.