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ERIC Number: ED405594
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Mar
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Beyond Syntax: The Identification and Assessment of Interpretants Utilized by Expert Writers.
Henning, John
This paper analyzes two student papers, "Pygmalion" and "Waiting to Inhale," in terms of the type of thinking demonstrated in them. It examines the difference between higher order patterns of thinking evident in advanced or adult writers and patterns of thinking in young writers or students. The study reported in the paper builds on an earlier pilot study which concluded that expert writers engage in more processing activities than student writers do. The paper calls into question the value of writing models for young aspiring writers. It begins by offering a broad background in semiotics and the Piagetian perspective on the relationship among referents; it then reviews dialectical or relativistic thinking as they apply to assessment in composition. From there, it contrasts traditional and progressive approaches to composition assessment. Toward the end of enriching traditional models of assessment and creating an explicit vocabulary for the purpose of assessing students with an enriched model, the paper defines four types of high order interpretants or textual relationships used by expert writers: (1) dialectical thinking; (2) contextual thinking; (3) conceptualization; and (4) paradigmatic thinking. While these high order patterns of thinking are present in the work of expert writers, they are not often available to students. (Contains appendixes of student writing and 66 references.) (TB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A