ERIC Number: ED405585
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
"In Fourteen Hundred and Ninety-Two, Columbus Sailed the Ocean Blue": Effects of Multiple Document Readings on Student Attitudes and Misconceptions. Reading Research Report No. 82.
Stahl, Steven A.; And Others
To examine the effects of students reading multiple documents on their perceptions of a historical event, in this case the "discovery" of America by Christopher Columbus, 85 high school freshmen read 3 of 4 different texts (or sets of texts) dealing with Columbus. One text was an encyclopedia article, one a set of articles from "Newsweek" and "Time," one an anti-Columbus diatribe, and one a counter-revisionist article from a prominent historian. Results indicated that students' attitudes towards Columbus changed initially after the first reading and tended to remain stable after that. Students' attitudes towards Native Americans were unaffected by the text reading, but tended to be generally positive and remained so. Second, a refutational text (the "Newsweek" and "Time" articles) had the greatest impact on students' attitudes toward Columbus, and a text with an outright negative tone had the least impact. Third, students' misconceptions about Columbus tended to change slowly after each text reading in contrast to their attitudes, which changed after a single reading. (Contains 20 references, and 1 table and 2 figures of data.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Reading Research Center, Athens, GA.; National Reading Research Center, College Park, MD.