ERIC Number: ED405569
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Outstanding Literacy Instruction in First Grade: Teacher Practices and Student Achievement. Reading Research Report No. 81.
Wharton-McDonald, Ruth; And Others
Classroom observations and in-depth interviews were used to study nine first-grade teachers who were nominated by language arts coordinators as being either outstanding or typical in their ability to help students develop the skills of beginning literacy. Based on observational measures of year-end student reading and writing achievement and on ongoing measures of student engagement, three groups of teachers emerged from the original set of nine. Among the three teachers in the highest achievement group, the following cluster of beliefs and practices were found to distinguish their instruction from that of their more typical peers: (1) instructional balance of skills and high-quality reading and writing experiences; (2) a high density of instruction; (3) extensive use of scaffolding; (4) encouragement of student self-regulation; (5) a thorough integration of reading and writing activities; (6) high expectations for all students; (7) masterful classroom management; and (8) an awareness of purpose. Results complemented earlier survey data that highlighted the complexity of primary literacy instruction. These data and the previous survey results provide convergent support for the conclusion that truly outstanding primary-level literacy instruction is a balanced integration of high-quality reading and writing experiences and explicit instruction of basic literacy skills. (Contains 66 references and 3 tables of data. Appendixes present interview protocols, sample questions asked of teachers, and a sample model presented to a teacher during an interview.) (Author/RS)
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Beginning Writing, Classroom Research, Classroom Techniques, Elementary School Teachers, Grade 1, Interviews, Literacy, Primary Education, Reading Achievement, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Styles, Writing Achievement
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Reading Research Center, Athens, GA.; National Reading Research Center, College Park, MD.