ERIC Number: ED405528
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
International Students: Distinguishing Noncognitive Variables from Social Interaction Patterns. Research Report No. 8-95.
Kim, Sue H.; Sedlacek, William E.
In response to a call for more theoretical linkages in the literature on international students, the relationship between noncognitive variables and social interactions was investigated in this study. Both variables have been associated with international students' success. International students (N=124) (at the University of Maryland, College Park) completed a survey during a summer orientation, and results of a factor analysis were interpreted as evidence that noncognitive variables and social interactions were important yet independent factors. The Noncognitive Questionnaire, a measure of noncognitive variables, has been shown to predict academic success for international students, but academic success is apparently independent of the domain of successful interaction with people from the U.S. Thus, though some researchers focus on helping international students achieve academic success, assisting these students in building social support systems is also necessary to increase their satisfaction with their college experience. For researchers, there is a need to continue to integrate the various findings of studies of international students and to determine how and whether the various constructs proposed can be linked conceptually. For practitioners, it is important to note that different factors may be associated with different kinds of successes (i.e., academic, social), so multidimensional strategies may be most helpful for international students. Contains 18 references. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.