ERIC Number: ED405435
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
U.S. Racial Ideology and Immigrant/Refugee Policy: Effects on Asian-American Identity, Community Formation and Refugee Education Initiatives.
Comeau, Mary T.
Two papers explore racial ideology and policy toward immigrants and refugees in the United States. The first paper, "Race Theory Paradigms and Immigrant/Refugee Identity and Incorporation," asserts that the United States is a race-based society in which newcomers to the country have a racial identity imposed upon them. A review of the social science literature offers evidence of the sociohistorical construction of the concepts of "race,""immigrant," and "refugee." The evolution of race theory in the United States can be examined chronologically and divided into paradigm categories of biology, ethnicity, class, nationalism, and racial formation. The prevailing racial ideology influences immigrant policy and then affects immigrants' rights and their incorporation into the host society and their access to social welfare. An example is provided in the situation of Indochinese refugees, who entered the country with the assigned unique category of "allied alien," but who have become aligned with both the Asian American model minority stereotype and stereotypes of illegal aliens. The second paper, "Collective Organization and Action around Racial Identity," discusses organizations formed by immigrant groups and their leadership in the context of U.S. immigrant policy. Indochinese refugees provide an example of the way in which resettlement assistance can lessen the role of self-help groups, even as the government funds acculturation and cultural maintenance programs. Participation by the Indochinese in pan-Asian organizations also remains limited. Implications for community education initiatives for refugees and immigrants are discussed. (Contains 164 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States