ERIC Number: ED405408
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Does an Urban 4-H Program Make Differences in the Lives of Children?
Fleming-McCormick, Treseen; Tushnet, Naida C.
The Southwest Regional Laboratory conducted a 1-year outcome evaluation of the 4-H After School Activity Program (4-H ASAP) in Los Angeles (California). The 4-H ASAP is designed to meet the needs of children aged 7 to 13 who live in urban public housing communities. The program creates a nurturing environment that offers a positive alternative to unstructured and unsupervised free time in neighborhoods where gang- related activities are prevalent. Four of 10 Los Angeles sites were selected for evaluation. Two provided services in the public housing community and two provided services in the elementary schools. Sixty-two participants from the original target group of 114 completed a self-concept posttest and a participant questionnaire designed for the program. No changes in self-concept were found for program participants, but over 85% of the participants reported that the 4-H program helped keep them out of gangs. Ten percent of these children reported that they had been in a gang prior to joining the 4-H program. Almost all (98%) of the children reported that they had made friends at the 4-H program, and 41% said that they would be hanging out in the streets without it. Interviews with the teachers who taught most of these participants indicated that teachers thought that students were learning problem solving and were increasing their interest in their school work. Sixty telephone interviews with parents indicated that parents also saw improvements in their children's attitudes as a result of 4-H participation. Overall the level of enthusiasm for the program for students, teachers, and parents was high. (Contains one figure, eight tables, and one reference.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A