ERIC Number: ED405373
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
A Time To Learn, a Time To Play: Premack's Principle Applied in the Classroom.
Free time is the natural medium through which youngsters express themselves and develop motor, cognitive, and social skills. Nevertheless, free play on the playground is rarely used in the school as a means of enhancing students' motivation to learn. This study uses play as an application of Premack's principle (D. Premack, 1965) to the classroom. The principle states that a preferred behavior may be an effective reinforcer of a less preferred activity. It shows that taking middle school and junior high school students to play on the playground can be a powerful and inexpensive reinforcer of learning that could be used by teachers, and especially by substitutes. Subjects were 42 seventh- and eighth-grade students being taught by a substitute teacher. Controls were 25 sixth graders taught by the same teacher. This reinforcer was found to increase students' learning time on task, and group and self-regulation, while reducing the time wasted on disciplining teenage students. (Contains 29 references.) (Author/SLD)
Descriptors: Control Groups, Elementary School Students, Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Incentives, Intermediate Grades, Junior High School Students, Junior High Schools, Middle School Students, Middle Schools, Play, Recess Breaks, Reinforcement, Student Motivation, Substitute Teachers
American Secondary Education, Ashland University, 401 College Avenue, Ashland, OH 44805.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A