ERIC Number: ED405371
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Differential Prediction/Impact in Course Placement for Ethnic and Gender Groups. ACT Research Report Series 96-8.
Noble, Julie; And Others
This research investigated course placement decisions for ethnic and gender groups. Success in four standard college freshman courses was predicted from scores on the American College Testing Program assessment (ACT) or high school subject area grade averages (SGA). The number of institutions varied from 13 to 50, depending on the course. Mean between-subgroup differences in estimated probability of success and three course placement validity indices were evaluated by gender or ethnic group within course type and institution. All statistics were summarized across institutions by course type and ethnic or gender group. Results show that, from a statistical perspective, both ACT scores and SGA slightly overpredict course success for blacks and males relative to whites and females. From a practical perspective, the differences between ethnic and gender groups were small. An appendix presents linear regression results by gender and ethnic subgroup. (Contains 4 tables and 20 references.) (Author/SLD)
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, College Freshmen, Ethnic Groups, Grade Point Average, High School Students, High Schools, Higher Education, Prediction, Racial Differences, Sex Differences, Student Placement, Test Use
ACT Research Report Series, P.O. Box 168, Iowa City, IA 52243-0168.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Coll. Testing Program, Iowa City, IA.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACT Assessment