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ERIC Number: ED405327
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Nov
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Grade Retention on K-5 Elementary Students: Perceptions of Educators in States Served by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.
Patterson, Dolia McIntosh
The purpose of this study was to analyze the perceptions of educators regarding the impact of grade retention on K-5 elementary students. Principals (N=384) and teachers (N=384) in K-5 elementary schools from 11 southern states were surveyed. The study included 169 responses from principals and 140 responses from teachers. The data revealed that teachers believed retention helped students' performance while principals believed retention hindered students' performance. Also, teachers believed that students performed according to their expectations during the second year in the same grade while principals believed that benefits of retention are not greater than the negative results. Study findings suggested: (1) students' physical maturity, self-concepts, and attitudes should be major considerations in the decision to retain a child; (2) promotion is more effective for increasing achievement and fostering personal, social, psychological, and emotional development; (3) promotion and retention policies should allow for teacher judgment and parental involvement; (4) retention allows students more time to mature; and (6) if a student is to be retained, it would be most beneficial educationally for him/her at the K-3 level. (Contains 21 data tables and 20 references.) (ND)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A