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ERIC Number: ED405131
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Experiencing Multiculturalism First Hand: Looking at Early Childhood Education in China Teaches Us about Ourselves.
Freeman, Nancy K.
Recognizing and appreciating culturally diverse views of what is best for children is important, as underscored by the views of childhood evident in early childhood education programs in China. Families and schools in modern China experience unique social and political pressures, the most obvious of which is the "one child policy," which runs counter to traditional cultural values and creates ambivalence among parents who must sacrifice personal happiness for the common good. Parents who grew up with several siblings are mandated to have only one child. These parents are concerned that their children are lonely and are missing opportunities to develop socially desirable behaviors, such as sharing. Schools attempt to counteract perceived overindulgence of only children by sparsely equipping toy shelves so children are encouraged to share, wait their turn, and negotiate with peers. Popular residential programs for children 2 to 6 years accommodate child care needs of working parents. Most early childhood teachers hold high school diplomas or degrees from programs equivalent to American junior colleges. Their preservice education focuses on the dramatic, performing, and visual arts and practical skills emphasized in early childhood programs. The Chinese educational philosophy is based on the belief that learning should occur through continual, careful shaping and molding and that creativity is demonstrated only after the child has perfected prescribed and approved performances. (KDFB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China