ERIC Number: ED405013
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Accreditation Factors Unique to Tribal Colleges.
Appelson, Wallace B.; McLeod, Martha
Almost 30 independent tribally-controlled colleges are chartered in a dozen states and Canada. It is essential that tribal college evaluators develop the cultural sensitivity to accept and respect the tribal college environment and develop an appreciation for the uniqueness of these institutions. Tribal colleges have unique missions, which include providing for the individualized occupational and education needs of their communities, preserving tribal language and culture, and providing successful learning experiences for a population without a traditional educational background. Through education, the tribes attempt to expand their economic base and increase the employability of members. Moreover, many students enter college needing remediation and most take longer than two years to finish an associate degree. Curricula also tend to focus on indigenous Native American philosophy and concepts, as well as tribal values and culture. The tribal tongue is frequently a major curriculum component. Other characteristics include the generally small size and enrollment of tribal institutions, the strong role of tribal policies and politics in college governance, and low levels of funding matched with creative ways of augmenting resources. Finally, most tribal colleges are located within the confines of a reservation serving geographically isolated and dispersed populations. This results in unusual facilities, site locations, and teaching methods. (KP)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the North Central Association (99th, Chicago, IL, March 27-29, 1994).