ERIC Number: ED404931
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Study of Communications Technology in Higher Education, 1994. Final Report [and] Executive Summary.
Russell, Susan H.; And Others
The 1994 Study of Communications Technology in Higher Education was a nation-wide survey of colleges and universities about instructional uses of microcomputers and audiovisual and multimedia technologies. Eight questionnaires were developed: six for institutional-level spokespersons at 1,000 randomly selected institutions in the United States; one for 2,000 faculty in a random subset of 100 institutions; and one for 1,005 full- and part-time college and university students. The survey found pervasive use of computers in higher education. A sizable percentage of schools offered distance education programs but the percentage of faculty who taught these courses and overall student enrollment in distance education was low. Cable appeared to be used more than public television as the dominant telecourse medium. Slightly over half of faculty used video instructional materials in a class during the academic term, about a third used audio instructional materials, and about one seventh used multimedia materials. Almost all teacher education programs offered training in instructional uses of computers. Respondents had very positive views about the benefits derived from computers and other instructional technologies. Networking was seen as the area of least perceived accomplishments. Insufficient funds was the most significant barrier to increased use of technologies. The eight surveys are appended. (JLS)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Uses in Education, Delivery Systems, Distance Education, Educational Administration, Educational Planning, Educational Technology, Educational Television, Higher Education, Information Technology, Microcomputers, National Surveys, Teacher Education, Use Studies
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: SRI International, Menlo Park, CA.