ERIC Number: ED404864
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Nov
How To Increase Your Teaching Effectiveness Immediately--No Joke!
Dudney, Grazyna; And Others
Adults differ from traditional-age college students in that they are self-directed, they have a rich bank of experiences upon which to draw in learning, they are ready to learn, and they value competence. Adults may learn equally well by performing different learning tasks. Second language learning activities and instructional materials can be adapted to meet these differing needs and characteristics, keeping in mind that they should bear a close and specific relationship to anticipated needs, provide frequent and clear attention to function as well as form, offer consistent communicative practice, exploit the "comprehension advantage," and systematically develop mental imagery to match verbal content. Exercises for functional language use can be developed easily by creating an information gap students must fill, e.g., asking students to come to a consensus about the most desirable breakfast. Typical textbook texts that require only comprehension or memorization can be enhanced by having students change the format, or summarize, analyze, or expand on the content. Seven tasks based on a single newspaper article and using two or more language skills are detailed. A checklist for teachers to use in evaluating the effectiveness of the classroom session is appended. (MSE)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (29th, Anaheim, CA, November 18-21, 1995).