ERIC Number: ED404857
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
The Review of Studies in Related to Language Learning Strategies.
A discussion of second language learning strategies (LLS) first reviews research on defining, classifying, and listing LLS, then looks at studies on factors affecting learners' LLS choices, and finally examines their application in second language teaching. A definition of LLS as "specific action taken by the learner to make learning easier, faster, more enjoyable, more self-directed, more effective, and more transferable to new situations" is selected as the clearest. A classification system (strategy inventory) by the same researcher is also selected as the most comprehensive, with some problems remaining to be resolved. Eight factors affecting learners' LLS choices, identified in previous research, are discussed briefly: sex; motivation; career orientation or motivation; personality; teaching methods; cultural background and experience abroad; age; and classroom tasks given to learners. Areas in which further research is needed on these factors and on how research on LLS can be used in the language classroom are noted. Forms used in identifying learners' LLS are appended. Contains 29 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A