ERIC Number: ED404795
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Jul-31
Reference Count: N/A
Using Artificial Intelligence To Teach English to Deaf People. Final Report.
Loritz, Donald; Zambrano, Robert
This report describes a project to develop an English grammar-checking word processor intended for use by college students with hearing impairments. The project succeeded in its first objective, achievement of 92 percent parsing accuracy across the freely written compositions of college-bound deaf students. The second objective, ability to use the application on affordable microcomputers, was not quite met because adequate system performance required slightly more expensive computers than originally intended. The third objective, to demonstrate the system in the Gallaudet College (Washington, DC) community, was achieved by installation of the program in the college's writing laboratory and the remedial English program. The main body of the report consists of three separate papers. The first is "Computerized Checking of Deaf Students' English Syntax" by Donald Loritz and Robert Zambrano. This paper describes the system requirements and the software, "Ms. Pluralbelle," which, at a student's command, fully parses individual sentences or entire essays. Software evaluation data are included. The second paper, "Computerized Diagnosis of Deaf Students' Syntax" (Donald Loritz and others), describes "ENGPARS," the Pluralbelle parser, designed for checking the English syntax of learners of English as a Second Language. It details and provides diagrams of the program's output of grammar "maps," which diagnose the differential English syntactic competence of learners. The third paper, "Generalized Transition Network Parsing for Language Study," by Donald Loritz describes a generalized transition network system, GPARS, particularly as it has been developed for the instructional parsing of English by students with deafness. (Individual papers contain references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Gallaudet Univ., Washington, DC.; Georgetown Univ., Washington, DC. School of Languages and Linguistics.