ERIC Number: ED404571
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Task Analysis Strategies and Practices. Practice Application Brief.
Brown, Bettina Lankard
Worker-oriented, job-oriented, and cognitive task analyses have all been used as tools for closing the gap between what curriculum teaches and what workers do. Although they share a commonality of purpose, the focus, cost, and practicality of task analysis techniques vary. Worker-oriented task analysis focuses on general human behaviors required of workers in given jobs. Job-oriented task analysis is a systematic process for collecting information about the highly specific and distinct tasks--the technologies---required for particular jobs. Cognitive task analysis attempts to determine the thought processes workers follow to perform the tasks and identify the knowledge needed to perform the tasks at various levels. Five guidelines for practitioners in deciding which method(s) offer the best options for application are as follows: (1) determine the strategy of task analysis that is most likely to generate the specific information needed for the education/training program; (2) consider the cost efficiency of the strategy selected; (3) be able to ensure that the strategy provides acceptable and reliable information; (4) plan for periodic review and update of any task analysis; and (5) consider using a combination of methods to capitalize on the strengths of each. (Contains 11 references.) (YLB)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.