ERIC Number: ED404548
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Skill Standards: Job Analysis Profiles Are Just the Beginning. Trends and Issues Alerts.
Brown, Bettina Lankard
Concerns over the quality of education in the United States and the increasing demands of international competition have resulted in increased calls for the development and implementation of industry-based skill standards. A series of 22 pilot projects that were initiated by the National Skills Standard Board to strengthen the education-employment connection through industry-based skill standards demonstrated that traditional job analysis processes are effective in identifying sets of skills required for given jobs or occupations. However, concern was expressed regarding the failure of the skill components framework to reflect the broader, more professional roles of workers, and a professional model framework requiring integration of advanced generic skills with industry-related skills was proposed instead. Among the other major concerns that have been raised regarding the feasibility of a national skills standards system are the following: extent to which local school personnel can adopt the numerous national, state, and local academic and industry skills standards being developed; need for teacher retraining; appropriateness of various assessment procedures; effectiveness of student evaluations; and difficulties in getting industries to support a certified skill standards system and working together to establish standards for occupations that overlap across industries. (Concluding this document is a 14-item annotated bibliography.) (MN)
Descriptors: Academic Education, Academic Standards, Annotated Bibliographies, Competence, Competency Based Education, Education Work Relationship, Educational Change, Educational Needs, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Employment Qualifications, Job Analysis, Models, National Standards, Pilot Projects, School Business Relationship, Trend Analysis, Vocational Education
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.