ERIC Number: ED404507
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
A Backstairs to a Degree. Demands for an Open University in Late Victorian England. Leeds Studies in Adult and Continuing Education.
This book examines the proposal of individuals in England's university extension movement in the final 2 decades of the 19th century to create a part-time teaching university that shared the following similarities with present-day open universities: a policy of admitting all individuals likely to benefit from the university irrespective of their age, sex, or social status; imposition of the fewest possible entrance/matriculation requirements; program of part-time study under university teachers extending over 8 or more years and leading to a degree; curriculum based on a modular structure and designed to meet the needs of individuals compelled to remain in their ordinary occupations; examinations based largely on assessment of each course as it was taken; and courses offered in any place where acceptable teachers could be made available. The campaign to establish a "floating university" for part-time adult students is traced within the context of the principles and organizational problems of the era's university extension movement and the rapid development of conventional university education. Special attention is paid to the reasons underlying the original proposal's failure (including administrators' self-interest and socioeconomic conditions) and factors leading to the successful establishment of the present-day open university. (Included are 181 endnotes and references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Students, Economic Factors, Educational Demand, Educational Environment, Educational History, Educational Opportunities, Educational Policy, Educational Principles, Educational Trends, Extension Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Open Universities, Traditional Schools, Trend Analysis
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Leeds Univ. (England). Dept. of Adult Education and Extramural Studies.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)