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ERIC Number: ED404469
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Oct
Pages: 88
Abstractor: N/A
Learning from Experience: A Cross-Case Comparison of School-to-Work Transition Reform Initiatives.
Rogers, Anne M.; And Others
A cross-case study approach was used to determine how school-to-work reform affects clients and participants and to identify elements critical to the success of school-to-work systems. Fourteen school-to-work reform initiatives in communities across the United States were examined by using a research protocol that included individual interviews, focus groups, reviews of pertinent documents/materials, and observations of program activities. Among the various initiatives studied were career academies, statewide and regional systems, school-based enterprises, off-site workplaces, systems emphasizing career guidance, and systems emphasizing integration of academic and vocational study. The following were identified as critical elements of school-to-work reform: leadership from executives of educational systems; leadership from program deliverers (instructors, counselors); professional development for teachers and other staff; cross-sector collaboration; student self-determination; school-based curriculum and instruction; work-based learning strategies; integrated career information and guidance system; progressive system starting before grade 11; articulation with postsecondary institutions; creative financing; and application of research. It was recommended that additional research be conducted in the following areas: reforms' long-term impact on student outcomes; student outcomes in youth development terms; impacts of contextual learning; impacts in the workplaces; cost/benefits of student employment; and school-to-work system building. (Appended are profiles of the school-to-work programs studied.) (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC. National Inst. for Work and Learning.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A