ERIC Number: ED404430
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
AmeriCorps in the Field. Implementation of the National and Community Service Trust Act in Nine Study States.
Smith, Thomas J.; Jucovy, Linda Z.
Public/Private Ventures Inc. conducted a 30-month study of AmeriCorps, the signature program of the National and Community Service Trust Act of 1993. The central emphasis of this study was to examine the role of the states in implementing the new AmeriCorps program. The experience of 20 programs in 9 study states was documented through 4 visits to each state, interviews with the governor's staff, state Commission staff and Commissioners, and staff from other state agencies. Consideration of the relative roles of the Corporation for National Service and the states resulted in the conclusion that the overall quality of services programs in AmeriCorps would have been lower without the steady pressure the Corporation applied. The roles states played in shaping policy fell short of initial broad expectations and were more characteristic of a typical staff-driven organization than the governance role the legislation envisioned. The history of AmeriCorps to date illustrates the disagreements and difficulties in establishing national service programs. The success of AmeriCorps so early in its implementation is closely related to the Corporation's decision to control implementation rather than accord the broad role and discretion to the states that the legislation envisioned. Recommendations are made for improving the functioning of the Corporation for National Service. (Contains nine tables.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Public/Private Ventures, Philadelphia, PA.