ERIC Number: ED404420
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluation of Violence Prevention Programs in Middle Schools. National Institute of Justice Update.
Department of Justice, Washington, DC. National Inst. of Justice.
A 16-month evaluation sponsored by the National Institute of Justice compared the separate and combined impact of two New York City middle school violence prevention programs from February 1993 to June 1994. Project Schools Teaching Options for Peace (S.T.O.P.), a traditional conflict resolution program with a curriculum and peer mediation was offered at all four middle schools studied. The Safe Harbor program, which includes a curriculum, a counseling component, and a schoolwide antiviolence campaign, was offered at three of the four schools. The programs were separately housed at the schools, and students tended to be more involved in one or the other. For this reason, the targeted approach of the school with only Project S.T.O.P. was not compared with the comprehensive approach of the others. Instead, the evaluation focused on assessing the programs individually. Inventories about student experience with violence completed by about 2,000 students, interviews with 72 students and 37 teachers, and school statistics on discipline and violence were used to evaluate the programs. Higher participation in the programs was associated with higher victimization, probably because victimized students sought out these programs. Students who participated in Safe Harbor became less likely to advocate retaliation in response to conflict than students with no exposure. Participation in both programs altered the belief that respect was achieved through violence. Both programs had positive and strong effects on student attitudes and were well received by teachers. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. National Inst. of Justice.