ERIC Number: ED404351
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Degrees of Consciousness in the Communication of Actions and Events on the Visual Cliff. No. 58.
The consciousness of dizygotic twins in their communication of actions and events as seen in the visual cliff pictures published by E. J. Gibson and R. D. Walk (1960) was studied in Sweden. In the process of communication, many different state spaces are generated. The methodology demonstrates that ecological and biophysical properties of language produce unique morphological profiles. Four pairs of twins were exposed to these pictures in a classroom setting, and the text they built in response to the pictures was studied. The focus is on one pair of dizygotic twins between 16 and 17 years of age. At the kinetic level, stable relationships are identified among naturally occurring periods, mass, and length of text. The relating invariants are demonstrated through a multivariate statistical strategy involving an analysis of variance, an indexing of the size of effects, and a regression analysis. At the kinematic level, adiabatic trajectories are apparent, for which underlying state spaces and interrelated metrics are shown to be dependent on the particular text producer. It is made evident that a certain degree of consciousness is carried by a particular kind of concepts and conceptual relations. Finally, it is concluded that perceiving a phenomenon differs not only in degree but in kind from conceiving its consequences. Results also support the use of the Scanator methodology developed by B. Bierschenk as a way to keep track of unitizing activities. An appendix presents the original Swedish text produced by the four subjects. (Contains 18 figures, 7 tables, and 26 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Lund Univ. (Sweden). Cognitive Science Research.
Identifiers - Location: Sweden