ERIC Number: ED404212
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-May
Vocational Training Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century.
This paper discussing vocational education begins with a brief historical overview highlighting the need for close links between vocational training and employment. The history of vocational training is described in traditional societies, industrial companies, the period following World War II, and the recent economic and cultural crisis of unemployment. The paper proposes a typology of the vocational training systems handed down from the past. In this period of growing complexity and specialization of vocational training, different systems of vocational training coexist not only in different countries, but even within the same country to satisfy different needs. The period of vocational training, when it can be specifically identified, comes somewhere between general education and employment. Three criteria for classification are discussed: (1) proximity of training and employment situations; (2) role of general education; and (3) responsibility for training. The paper discusses five major trends observable in the world today: (1) during the period of economic growth and the crisis which followed, the base of society changed from energy to information and communication; (2) technical developments, together with developments in science and the progress of ideas have impacted on the organization of work and employment; (3) these changes affect every country, and require new employee aptitudes; (4) these changes created a growing need for education and training; and (5) the world is witnessing an ambiguous process of change. From these trends, the paper envisions issues arising in an uncertain world. The paper concludes with some tentative forecasts. (DK)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century (UNESCO), Paris (France).
Note: For related papers, see SO 024 394-406 and SO 024 448-454.