ERIC Number: ED404209
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Education and Science in Africa: Possible Ways of Improvement in the Next Decade. International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century, Working Group on Education and Science (Paris, France, January 10-11, 1994).
Wandiga, Shem O.
This paper analyzed the evolution of formal education in Africa with emphasis on the weaknesses and strengths of the system identified. Although the roots of modern education can be found in the early institutions of learning and libraries of Alexandria and Timbuktu in Africa, the continent today lags behind in all the fields of formal education. The teaching of science in most African educational institutions, at all levels, has been reduced to theoretical description of scientific facts. Several factors have contributed to the present situation of education in Africa. This paper describes some of the factors responsible for the state of science education and education in general, prevailing in most African countries. The most prominent factors affecting education in Africa include policy framework of individual countries, access into educational institutions and population pressure, quality and affordability of education, and undue emphasis on employability of graduates, among others. Reliance on the Western educational system without resources to back it up is discussed. Innovative ways of financing education and development of syllabi based on analysis of culture and environment have promise for the future. Educational institutions with appropriate syllabi and attitude could greatly enhance technological development. Enhancement of the role model of teachers and their motivation underscores the success of future education and science in Africa. (DK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century (UNESCO), Paris (France).
Identifiers - Location: Africa