ERIC Number: ED404206
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Jan-13
The Role, Organization and Financing of Higher Education. International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century, Third Session Paris, France, January 12-15, 1994).
This paper suggests that higher education will take on increasing importance in the development of economies and societies in the 21st century for three reasons: (1) cognitive resources are supplanting material resources as a development factor; (2) economies, swept along by innovations and technological advances, are becoming increasingly exigent as regards the qualifications of their labor force; and (3) in this cognitive society the function of educating and training is having to become strategic. The paper focuses on three areas: (1) objectives and tasks presently assigned to higher education and the problems of their compatibility; (2) the organization of higher education, distribution between the public and private sectors, the independence of establishments, and national and international consistency; and (3) the rapid increase in financing needs and the impact on the quality of higher education. Of the three tasks generally assigned to higher education, two are traditional, involving, on the one hand, research and cultivation and, on the other, the training of teachers, and are both more crucial than ever for development. The third is more recent but is tending to take on increasing importance, inasmuch as it consists in meeting the new qualification requirements of today's economies through the high level vocational training of scientists and technicians in the latest technologies and of managers and administrators in the control and handling of increasingly complex systems. (DK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century (UNESCO), Paris (France).
Note: For related papers, see SO 024 394-407 and SO 024 448-454.