ERIC Number: ED404204
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Dec
The Evolutionary Dynamics of Education Systems: Exposition on Institutional Development. International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century, Second Session (Dakar, Senegal, September 18-22, 1993).
This paper analyzes the stages of educational development beginning in the 1950s and 1960s, when mass economies began to emerge, immediately after World War II. This essay covers the last 40 years that have been characterized by rapid change and the most fascinating acceleration in the history of humanity. During those four decades, education systems were forced, by ever-changing paradigms, to keep pace with the surrounding world, shaking off their proverbial inertia, opening up to the contradictory forces of surrounding societies, and breaking out of their ivory towers in order to become more interactive. The paper includes a synoptic table attempting to give an overall view of the main stages of development of education systems during this period of intense reform. The four stages defined in the table are analytical abstractions and do not occur as neatly as presented. Rather, two or more stages always overlap symbiotically, creating hybrid situations which must be carefully studied case by case. Each stage of the educational cycle contains certain institutional chromosomes, indicative of an evolutionary continuum built on the achievements of earlier stages. These stages, like history, are characterized by continuous change, except for those specific moments when societies are disrupted by sudden breaks. The four stages represented are: (1) production oriented; (2) consumption oriented; (3) client oriented; and (4) innovation oriented. Each generation is described by driving forces, main features, and dominant role, that highlights the most productive exogenous and endogenous factors in the dynamics of change and in relation to the strategic position adopted by the administration. (DK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century (UNESCO), Paris (France).
Note: For related papers, see SO 024 394-407 and SO 024 448-454.