ERIC Number: ED404200
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Feb-11
The Financing of Education Systems. International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century, First Session (Paris, France, March 2-4, 1993).
This paper presents statistics on the education systems of various areas of the world. The document includes six tables in which data are broken down into developed countries, developing countries, Sub Saharan Africa, Arab states, Latin America and the Caribbean, Eastern Asia and Oceania, and Southern Asia. Each graph gives a world total for figures presented. Table 1 represents population under 15 years of age in 1990, pupil numbers and educational expenditure in 1988. Table 2 illustrates trends in the size of the under-15 population group in millions. The paper predicts that population growth and the development of education will mean that education systems will need more finance, with the greatest changes continuing to occur in Sub Saharan Africa. Table 3 shows enrollment in formal first level education in millions. Table 4 shows enrollment in formal second level education in millions. Economic and financial difficulties are limiting state resources for education. The problem of finance for education does not arise in anything like the same terms in the industrialized countries, where population changes have stabilized and enrollments have already broadly developed, as in countries that are having to face up to considerable population growth and the expansion of enrollments. Table 5 represents trends in the proportion of gross national product (GNP) devoted to public expenditure on education. Table 6 shows trends in average expenditure per pupil in first and second levels as a percentage of per capita GNP. Recommended solutions include making better uses of existing resources and finding other sources of financing. (DK)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Decentralization, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Educational Equity (Finance), Educational Finance, Educational Planning, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment Rate, Expenditure per Student, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Population Growth
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century (UNESCO), Paris (France).
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: For related papers, see SO 024 394-407 and SO 024 448-454.