ERIC Number: ED404199
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Feb-25
Current Trends in Educational Reform. International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century, First Session (Paris, France, March 2-4, 1993).
Tedesco, Juan Carlos
The purpose of this paper is to sum up the main lessons learned in the process of educational change over the last few decades. It consists of a series of reflections based on the information and experience acquired through international cooperation. These reflections have been inspired basically by the experience of the countries of Latin America and Europe, and the United States. The case of the Asian countries needs to be considered on its own owing to the significant influence of cultural factors in general and of the role of the family in particular. In the case of the African countries, where cultural factors are equally important, the analysis of educational change is closely bound up with the more general problem of the material living conditions of the population that directly affect the chances of success of any learning strategy. The Arab countries are comparable in some respects to those mentioned above, except those countries in which Islamic fundamentalism exerts a strong influence and educational change is associated with the clash between traditionalism and modernism. This paper is essentially a position paper and discusses perverse effects of continual educational change, and national consensus and the long term as conditions of success. The paper asserts that financial resources are a necessary but not sufficient condition of educational change. Educational reform has gone beyond the extension of education to an approach based on change and qualitative improvement. The educational demand as a factor in change is discussed. Strategies for educational change, institutional change, and the denationalization issue are included. (DK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century (UNESCO), Paris (France).