ERIC Number: ED404198
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Ethnic and Cultural Representation in School Journals. Research Report No 92-4.
Sixty-nine School Journals, magazines for New Zealand students from 7 to 13 years old, were surveyed to examine the representation of ethnic groups and cultures. The magazine issues from 1979 and 1987-1990 featured 760 items (e.g., stories, articles, poems, songs, and plays) were analyzed for the activities, languages, roles, age, and gender of ethnic groups. The findings suggest that the use of Maori characters, language and concepts in non-stylized form has increased while non-Maori character representation has decreased over time, but the changes may be cosmetic and temporary. The majority of characters in the text (65%) and illustrations (63%) were Pakeha. Non-Pakeha characters were often represented in stereotypical formats and were more likely than Pakeha to appear in the non-fiction articles. Names of people, places, or objects were found to make up the majority of non-English language use. While Maori representation increased significantly in 1990, most of the representations were in a single issue from that year. While 20% of the school population is Maori and this percentage is expected to rise to 25% by the year 2000, Maori character representation in School Journals from 1979 through 1989 dropped from 11% to 6%. The findings suggest the need for the ethnic and cultural representation in School Journals to contine to be monitored. (Author/CK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Canterbury Univ., Christchurch (New Zealand). Education Dept.
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand