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ERIC Number: ED404080
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Is Cheese Food Really Food? a.k.a. Some Conscious Alternatives to Overprocessing Experience.
Estes, Cheryl A.; Tomb, Steven
The increasing emphasis on teacher-directed processing of adventure experiences may be devaluing both the learning experience and the promotion of self-reliance among students. The problem with "overprocessing" is that the teacher, not the student, decides what was learned and its relative value. In addition, this approach emphasizes discussion and intellectualization, both of which undermine experiential learning. An overview of current and past teaching models used in Outward Bound, Project Adventure, and the National Outdoor Leadership School point out the inherent strengths and weaknesses of each approach. This paper also reviews educational theories and philosophies that contributed to the development of a student-centered learning model relevant to outdoor education. Student-centered learning involves reversing the process of traditional teaching so that students take responsibility for exploring, gathering information, and creating unity out of their learning experience while the teacher acts as guide and facilitator. At the beginning of the course, the teacher's role includes facilitating, compiling resources, teaching group process and activity skills, and providing students with choices about their learning. The transition phase is reached when students have committed to the goals of the course, learned necessary skills, and are prepared to use available resources. At this point, students are empowered to determine how their goals can best be met, facilitate appropriate activities, determine when teacher intervention is necessary, solve problems, conduct sessions to facilitate the "organization of experience," utilize resources, and assist with evaluation and closure. At the same time, the teacher continues to encourage students to be self-reliant, provides resources, facilitates when appropriate, participates as a co-learner, and plans and assists with evaluation and closure. (LP)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A