ERIC Number: ED404064
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Tribal Colleges: A Study of Development, Mission, and Leadership.
Krumm, Bernita L.
This paper overviews the development of American Indian tribal colleges and identifies effective leadership strategies that have maintained the viability of these institutions. The first tribal college--Navajo Community College in Tsaile, Arizona--was established in 1968. Other landmarks in the development of tribal colleges include creation of the American Indian Higher Education Consortium (AIHEC), passage of the Tribally Controlled Community Assistance Act, creation of the American Indian College Fund, and extension of land-grant status to tribal colleges. Currently there are 31 tribal colleges that are members of AIHEC, serving American Indian students in 12 states and 2 Canadian provinces. The mission of tribal colleges is to focus on individual student development as well as to "preserve, enhance, promote, and teach" tribal culture and language. Tribal colleges attempt to meet the diverse needs of their student population through various student support services. Despite the success of tribal colleges, a need exists to increase the number of Native American faculty and administrators. Administrators of tribal colleges face many problems: lack of proper funding and facilities; faculty recruitment and retention; and student concerns involving financial, transportation, and child care needs. In order to address these concerns, college leaders must maintain a close relationship with their communities; be knowledgeable about local culture; and demonstrate appropriate leadership qualities, including wisdom and spirituality. The future viability of tribal colleges necessitates that tribal college leaders seek university status, which will open additional avenues for federal funding and program development. (LP)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, American Indian Education, American Indians, Colleges, Cultural Maintenance, Culturally Relevant Education, Educational Development, Educational Needs, Financial Support, Higher Education, Institutional Mission, School Community Relationship, Tribally Controlled Education
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A