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ERIC Number: ED404060
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Literacy, Income Generation, and Poverty Alleviation in Sindh Pakistan and Its Impact on Economic Development, Human Resource Development in Pakistan.
Panhwar, Farzana
Rural poverty in Sindh, Pakistan, has been artificially created by low prices of wheat, fixed by the federal government's price control board. Agriculture and agro-based industries account for 80 percent of the country's labor force. Among the consequences of this price control are low margins of profit to the farming community; low capacity to adequately develop farm land; low wages to farmers; and malnutrition in farm families, resulting in mental retardation and low I.Q. in children. Prices are controlled to provide cheap labor to industry. Other factors that contribute to poverty in Sindh are: loans against rural property are allowed at 10 percent of property value, compared to 75 percent for urban property; feudalist remnants in society discourage education among the masses to keep them poor and ignorant; and rural property owners lost their land to money lenders during the post-World War I depression. Poverty has affected family attitudes, economic conditions of the family, and the intellectual level of parents, all of which have affected the education of children. The education system needs to be reshaped to meet new social demands and should emphasize primary education, formal and technical education, adult literacy programs, equal education, and vocational education. A table shows the real value of 50 kg of wheat in terms of 1950 prices, for the years 1950-87. (TD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Sindh Rural Women's Uplift Group, Hyderabad (Pakistan).
Identifiers - Location: Pakistan