ERIC Number: ED404050
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Latinas and HIV/AIDS: Implications for the 90s.
SIECUS Report, v19 n2 p11-15 Dec-Jan 1990-91
Among Latinas, the number of cases of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is increasing relentlessly. From August 1989 to August 1990, there was a 53 percent increase nationally in cumulative AIDS cases among Latinas. In New York City, AIDS is the leading cause of death among Latinas aged 25-34. The conditions and circumstances that place Latinas at greater risk for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection are poverty, substance abuse, lack of access to primary health care, late or no prenatal care, increase in sexually transmitted diseases, high rates of adolescent pregnancy, and culturally prescribed gender roles and sexual attitudes. Poverty in the Latino community reduces access to quality health care and is conducive to the transmission of HIV. Victims of poverty have already compromised immune systems, they receive disease prevention information too late, they forego treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, and they do not receive adequate treatment for substance abuse. Intravenous drug use is the primary mode of transmission of HIV among Latinas. In addition, Latinos have low rates of condom use due to traditional male attitudes and the reluctance of women to promote condom use. An underlying danger in HIV/AIDS prevention programs targeted to women of reproductive age is the potential for abuses of reproductive rights. Health care providers may overtly, or covertly, promote reproductive decisions (contraception, sterilization, and abortion) that conflict with a woman's religious beliefs and deeply valued procreative needs. Prevention strategies must be comprehensive and address the impacts of class, gender, and political disempowerment; limited access to health care; and high risk of infection. (KS)
Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Cultural Influences, Disease Incidence, Females, Health Education, Latin Americans, Poverty, Prevention, Puerto Ricans, Racial Differences, Risk, Sexuality
SIECUS, 130 W. 42nd St., Suite 350, New York, NY 10036.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Sex Information and Education Council of the United States, Inc., New York, NY.