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ERIC Number: ED403780
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Writing for a Reader: Does the Nature of the Reader Make a Difference?
Porter, Don; O'Sullivan, Barry
A study investigated how perception of the reader's age in relation to the age of the writer affects assessment of writing. Subjects were 26 Japanese women college students of English as a Second Language, all of whom had recently participated in a home-stay program in an English-speaking country. They were given the task of writing brief letters to three people they knew abroad: a person of approximately their age; an older person; and a younger person. The letter was to discuss the rice shortage in Japan. Four groups of raters included nine each of female and male native speakers of English (NS-F, NS-M) and female and male non-native speakers (NNS-F, NNS-M), all with teaching experience. Each letter was read by three raters from each group. Raters were trained. Each letter was rated according to both holistic and analytic scales. Analysis indicates the ratings varied systematically and significantly with the writer's perceived age of the intended reader. Ratings were highest for older readers, on both scales. A clear tendency was for women raters to score tasks higher than male counterparts on either rating scale. Ratings of NS and NNS were similar. Contains 29 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan