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ERIC Number: ED403744
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Speech Style, Gender, and Oral Proficiency Interview Performance.
O'Sullivan, Barry; Porter, Don
This study investigated: (1) whether there is a gender effect in the speech of Japanese learners of English as a Second Language; (2) whether the effect is positive if the interlocutor is female; (3) whether there are associations of gender effect with specific features of speech; and (4) in which linguistic features of learner speech the gender effect is most evident. Subjects were six female and six male Japanese university students, average age approximately 20 years, and observed by three male and three female native speakers of English. Each Japanese student was interviewed twice, once by a man and once by a woman, and observed by a native English speaker of the same gender. Interviews were analyzed for specific speech characteristics (e.g., use of fillers, rephrasing, minimal response, repetition) and scored for accent, grammar, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. Results for the 24 interviews indicate a significant difference in scores awarded by different interviewer/observer pairs. Despite a high degree of agreement within pairs, and consistency in interviewer speech styles, in all but one interview the students scored higher when interviewed by a woman, particularly in grammar and fluency. However, male and female interviewers did show different patterns in linguistic features. Contains 15 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A