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ERIC Number: ED403738
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Jul-31
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Determining the Effect of Free Voluntary Reading on Second Language Readers in South Africa.
Machet, Myrna; Olen, Sandra
A study in two South African schools investigated the impact of encouraging free, voluntary reading on the English language skills of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learners. Subjects were 139 fourth- through seventh-grade students in an experimental group and 105 students in a control group. Pretests of reading comprehension were administered to each group. After 8 months of instruction, posttests were administered. The experimental group was encouraged to read in periods set aside for free reading. The control group, while given similar ESL instruction, were not provided with free reading periods. Results indicate that while the fourth- through sixth-grade levels in the experimental group gained in reading comprehension, only the fourth and sixth grades gained more than the control group. There was no correlation, in the experimental group, between degree of improvement and quantity of free reading done. Recommendations for further research include use of larger experimental and control groups, better group monitoring, and better records of class reading activities. Additional ways to encourage free voluntary reading are suggested. Contains 16 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa