ERIC Number: ED403700
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Improving Work Efficiency: Job Training Based on Engineering Principles. Innovations: AAMR Research to Practice Series, Number 5.
Browder, Diane M.; Lim, Levan
Employees with mental retardation can lose their jobs because their productivity is low due to an inability to perform their jobs quickly and with a minimum of extraneous movements. This guide presents procedures, borrowed from the business world, that can be used to assist people with mental retardation to improve their work quality and efficiency. An introductory chapter briefly discusses what engineering, behavior analysis, and time and motion studies can offer to the improvement of job training for this population. Chapter 2 applies engineering principles directly to job training. It covers the basics of Therblig-Based Task Analysis (based on 17 fundamental motions) and task efficiency. Chapter 3 offers case illustrations of improving work efficiency. The final chapter stresses the value of applying time and motion studies to training of this population and urges constant consideration of whether a given procedure is both effective and efficient and whether the procedure is satisfactory to the individual involved. (Contains 24 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Behavioral Science Research, Efficiency, Human Factors Engineering, Instructional Effectiveness, Job Training, Mental Retardation, Participant Satisfaction, Productivity, Psychomotor Skills, Quality Control, Time on Task, Training Methods, Vocational Adjustment, Work Environment
American Association on Mental Retardation, 444 North Capitol Street, NW, Suite 846, Washington, DC 20001-1512 ($21.95; $19.95 members).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Association on Mental Retardation, Washington, DC.