ERIC Number: ED403645
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Nov
New School Governance: The School Board and Its Future.
Sewall, Angela Maynard
Public dissatisfaction with school boards, which started building in the 1980s with the publication of "A Nation At Risk," is now evidenced by calls for national standards and accountability measures. This paper presents an overview of the changing school board and how some boards have reformed themselves. The paper discusses ways in which legislative initiatives and court decisions threaten the traditional role of school boards and the administration. It describes school-board reforms suggested by the U.S. Department of Education and the National Governors' Association and situations in which boards have been replaced. In some cases state takeover of boards has been due to mismanagement or charter schools that weakened boards' authority. Problems with traditional school boards include frequent member turnover, isolation from government entities that provide social services, individual members' agendas, and isolation from the realities of schools. The paper highlights situations in which the school board was replaced with a business board (Chicago School District) or with school-site councils (Kentucky and Boston). School boards must retrain, reform, and redirect efforts to produce stability within school districts; utilize action research and strategic planning in order to improve student achievement and behavior; and develop coherent agendas centered around the achievement of all students and an effective evaluation system. Contains 17 references. (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Tuscaloosa, AL, November 6-8, 1996).