ERIC Number: ED403636
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Jun
Education for Reconstruction.
Phillips, David; And Others
This report describes the main questions that various international agencies must address in order to reconstruct education in countries that have experienced crisis. "Crisis" is defined as war, natural disaster, and extreme political and economic upheaval. Many of the problems of educational reconstruction with which the Allies contended in Germany after World War II are currently mirrored in postconflict situations today. There is the need to plan adequately for the human and physical resources that would be required; to purge the teaching force of people with unsuitable political involvement; to encourage democratic processes while not appearing to impose such processes; to develop new teaching styles and materials; and to create a climate in which longer-term reform might be possible. The report focuses on the restoration of physical aspects (buildings, facilities, water and electric sources, and environmental safety); ideology (democratic processes); psychological well-being; education materials and curriculum; human resources; and the development of survival and lifelong skills. The report describes the organizational framework for reconstruction used by UNESCO's Unit for Educational Rehabilitation and Reconstruction at the national, local, and institutional levels. Appendices contain case studies of reconstruction efforts in Bosnia and Rwanda. (LMI)
Descriptors: Democracy, Developmental Programs, Educational Facilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Human Resources, Instructional Materials, International Cooperation, International Organizations, International Programs, Lifelong Learning, Natural Disasters, School Personnel, Sustainable Development, Technical Assistance, War, World Problems
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Overseas Development Administration, London (England).
Authoring Institution: Oxford Univ. (England). Dept. of Educational Studies.